Åland Autonome Provinz Finnlands Flagge Wappen (Details). Åland [ˈoːland], auch Landskapet Åland (finnisch Ahvenanmaa, auch Ahvenanmaan maakunta, in Deutschland offiziell Ålandinseln), ist eine mit. Aaland ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Mikkel Aaland (* ), US- amerikanischer Fotograf; Per Knut Aaland (* ), norwegischer Skilangläufer. Die auf etwa 60 Inseln verteilte Gesamteinwohnerzahl von Die meisten Gäste kamen mit Gut eine Generation habe es gedauert, bis die Aaländer sich mit dem Autonomiestatus der Inseln hätten anfreunden können, ergänzte Nordlund. Gleichzeitig garantiere Autonomie aber die Einheit des Staates, dessen Souveränität sowie dessen territoriale Integrität. Gleichzeitig schwand die Disziplin der in Finnland stationierten russischen Streitkräfte. Auch der Erwerb von Grundeigentum auf den Inseln sowie die Aufnahme einer unternehmerischen Tätigkeit setzen in der Regel das Heimatrecht voraus. Kleine Fähren verkehren im örtlichen Verkehr zwischen den Inseln. Auf der Hauptinsel und in ihrer Umgebung findet man meist Granite. April in dieser Version in die Liste der exzellenten Artikel aufgenommen. Landherr landshövding vor, welcher vom finnischen Präsidenten im Einvernehmen mit dem Landtag ernannt wird. Finnland akzeptierte die Bedingungen und setzte diese als Ergänzungen zu der bereits gewährten Selbstverwaltung in Kraft. Zu diesen Angelegenheiten gehören praktisch alle Regelungen der inneren Verwaltung, des örtlichen Wirtschaftslebens, der Sozialfürsorge sowie der inneren Ordnung.
Welcome to the Viking market in Saltvik Kvarnbo 26—28 July that will propel you right into the world of the Vikings. Viking-style songs and music alternate with weapon games and training in the art of combat.
Viking Line will help you book the travel package. Breathe in the fresh archipelago air, relax, go hiking in the inspiring archipelago nature and stroll around in the harmonius, cosy harbour and shipping town of Mariehamn.
Why not take an unforgettable fishing trip together with a local fishing guide, too? The unique archipelago offers spectacular ways to experience the pristine nature through e.
Come and find your own oasis by the sea, on a private island, on the beach and rocks, in spa and pools, on hiking trails and at the golf courses.
There are exciting events all year round. During Winter there are e. Enjoy the very best these islands have to offer. Treasure hunt in Mariehamn Mariehamn is a town that is brimming with secrets.
Come and have a food and drink experience in the Smakbyn Read more. Experience a Viking market on traditional soil Welcome to the Viking market in Saltvik Kvarnbo 26—28 July that will propel you right into the world of the Vikings.
More information and the latest ferry offers finnlines. Individual travel with ferry, accommodation and events ashore Group travel and conference Sports- and school trips Accommodation at hotel or cottage.
They also started agriculture early on. In the Iron Age , contacts to Scandinavia were increasing. From the Viking age there are over documented burial sites and six castle ruins.
As a result, they became part of the semi- autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. During this process, Sweden failed to secure a provision that the islands not be fortified.
In , Russia started to fortify the islands with the great fortress of Bomarsund. A combined British and French force of warships and marines captured and destroyed the fortress in as part of the campaign in the Baltic during the Crimean War.
During the Finnish Civil War , in , Swedish troops intervened as a peacekeeping force between the Russian troops stationed on the islands and "White" and "Red" Finnish troops who came from Finland over the frozen sea.
After the residents of the islands worked towards having them ceded to Sweden. In a petition for secession from Finland and integration with Sweden was signed by Finland, however, declined to cede the islands and instead offered them an autonomous status.
Nevertheless, the residents did not approve the offer, and the dispute over the islands was submitted to the League of Nations. The islands are considered a separate "nation" for amateur radio purposes and have their own call sign prefix granted by Finland, OH0 , OF0 and OG0 last character is zero.
Homeschooling , which was effectively banned in Sweden in , is allowed by the Finnish government. It has a somewhat different function from the other Regional Administrative Agencies, owing to its autonomy.
Population as end of December, Turunmaan saaristo , Swedish: Together they form the Archipelago Sea. The surface of the islands is generally rocky and the soil thin due to glacial stripping at the end of the most recent ice age.
There are several harbours. Its area is difficult to estimate due to its irregular shape and coastline, but estimates range from square kilometres  to square kilometres  to over 1, square kilometres, depending on what is included or excluded.
On the Swedish map, the most densely populated main island dominated, and many skerries were left out. On the Finnish map, many smaller islands or skerries were, for technical reasons, given a slightly exaggerated size.
The Swedish map made the islands appear to be closer to the mainland of Sweden than to Finland; the Finnish map stressed the continuity of the archipelago between the main island and mainland Finland , while a greater gap appeared between the islands and the archipelago on the Swedish side.
One consequence is the often repeated number of "over 6," skerries that was given authority by the outcome of the arbitration.
While summers are cooler than on both the Swedish and Finnish mainland, winters see little difference to the adjacent parts of Sweden and are only narrowly milder than in mainland Finland.
Most companies aside from shipping are small, with fewer than ten employees. Farming and fishing are important in combination with the food industry.
A few high-profile technology companies contribute to a prosperous economy. Wind power is rapidly developing, aiming at reversing the direction in the cables to the mainland in coming years.
In December , wind power accounted for Mariehamn served as the base for the last large oceanic commercial sailing-ships in the world.
The ships latterly made only one round-trip from South Australia to Britain per year, the grain race , after each marathon voyage going back to Mariehamn to lay up for a few months.
The ship Pommern , now a museum in Mariehamn, was one of these last vessels. The sum is 0. If the sum paid to the Finnish state exceeds 0.
Most inhabitants speak Swedish the sole official language as their first language: The language of instruction in publicly financed schools is Swedish In the rest of Finland, bilingual municipalities provide schooling both in Finnish and in Swedish.
See Languages of Sweden. The majority of the population, George in Sund , dating from shortly after. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Aland disambiguation.
Until , the Finnish markka. The Swedish krona SEK is also widely used.